Gaganyan Mission

About gaganyan mission (ISRO)

Have you ever looked up at the sky and imagined what it might feel like to journey among the stars? Well, guess what? India is making this dream come true through its incredible Gaganyaan Mission. Think of it as an amazing adventure, where Indian astronauts will venture into space. Let's dive into the details of ISRO's Gaganyan Mission and discover what makes it truly extraordinary.

What is the purpose of the Gaganyan mission (ISRO)?

The primary aim of the Gaganyaan Mission is to show India's capability to send astronauts to space and ensure their safe return. Achieving this requires extensive effort and careful planning to ensure safety and flawless operation.

This mission holds significant importance for India. It contributes to our understanding of space and technology, offering opportunities for new learning. It fills us with a sense of pride as we showcase our capabilities to the world. When astronauts journey to space, they conduct fascinating experiments that enhance our knowledge of how things function in that environment.

Gaganyan Mission

Orbital Module in the Gaganyaan mission

The Orbital Module is one of the components of the Gaganyaan spacecraft. It serves as the platform that houses various systems necessary for the mission's success. The primary function of the Orbital Module is to provide life support systems, navigation equipment, communication systems, power supply, and other essential subsystems required to support the crew module during its journey in space.

Key features and functions of the Orbital Module in the Gaganyaan mission include:

  1. Life Support Systems:The Orbital Module is equipped with life support systems to ensure the safety and well-being of the crew members. These systems provide air supply, temperature control, and waste management.
  2. Navigation and Communication: The module is equipped with navigation instruments and communication systems that allow constant communication with mission control on Earth and accurate navigation during the mission.
  3. Power Generation and Supply: The Orbital Module carries solar panels to generate power that is required to operate the spacecraft's systems.
  4. Storage Space: It provides storage for supplies, equipment, and scientific instruments needed for the mission.
  5. Safety and Emergency Systems: The module includes safety features and emergency systems to ensure the crew's safety in case of any contingencies.
  6. Payload Integration: The Orbital Module may also accommodate scientific payloads that will conduct experiments in microgravity during the mission.

The Gaganyaan mission aims to demonstrate India's capabilities in human spaceflight and pave the way for future space exploration endeavors. The Orbital Module, along with the other modules, plays a crucial role in ensuring the success of this historic mission.

Training for Gaganyan crew

There's a special place in Bengaluru where astronauts get ready for space. They learn in classrooms, exercise to stay fit, practice on simulators, and wear special suits. They study different things like space systems, flying without gravity, staying healthy in the sky, and using simulators. They also learn how to stay safe and handle emergencies. They practice flying regularly and do yoga to stay strong.

How Gaganyan mission works?

It follows a structured process to operate as mentioned.

  • The Gaganyaan plan includes sending three flights into space.
  • Out of these, two flights will be unmanned, while one will carry human astronauts.
  • The spacecraft, known as the Gaganyaan system, has a module called the Orbital Module.
  • The Orbital Module will house three Indian astronauts, with one of them being a woman.
  • During the mission, the spacecraft will orbit the Earth at a relatively low altitude of 300-400 km.
  • This orbit will be maintained for a duration of 5-7 days.
  • When will the Gaganyan mission launch?

    The main Gaganyaan launch is expected to happen at the end of 2023 or in 2024, shared Union Minister Jitendra Singh while talking to the media. He mentioned that they initially planned to launch Gaganyaan within 75 years of India's freedom.

    What is ISRO's next project?

    Here's a list of some upcoming ISRO missions:

    • Chandrayaan-3: ISRO's third mission to explore the Moon, with the goal of better understanding its surface and composition.
    • Gaganyaan: India's first-ever human spaceflight mission, sending Indian astronauts (Vyomanauts) into space.
    • Aditya-L1: A mission focused on studying the Sun's corona and how it influences Earth's climate.
    • Shukrayaan-1: A mission dedicated to studying Venus, including its atmosphere and surface.
    • NISAR (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar): A joint mission with NASA to create an advanced radar satellite for Earth observation.
    • XPoSat: A mission designed to explore cosmic radiation and its effects on both electronics and living organisms.
    • Astrosat-2 The second observatory in space for studying celestial sources using different types of light waves.
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